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INTRODUCTORY ESSAY,                              121
its plants has been made since the publication of Moon's in-
efficient catalogue. Owing to the extent and impenetrability
of the forests, some novelties must still remain; and many of
the species, being large timber-trees and dioecious plants, vary-
ing abundantly, require skilful analysis and observation in the
country. We have already mentioned Burmann's and Lin-
nseus's labours. Moon was the first English collector, and
curator of the Government Botanical Gardens at Peradenia,
near Kandy. His collections (according to Gardner, Lond.
Journ. Bot. iv. 397) were extensive and good, and formed the
foundation of the Peradenia Herbarium, which is now rapidly
Acquiring a European fame, through the successive exertions
of Gardner and Thwaites, Moon's successors in charge of the
garden; and of Major Champion, who resided several years in
the island. Moon's plants were never distributed; but other
and most extensive collections have been, of which the follow-
ing are the most important:1. Macrae's, a collector in the
service of the Horticultural Society of London.2 Colonel
and Mrs. Walker's: these were both extensive and excellent,
and were illustrated by many drawings and manuscripts.3.
Major Champion's, alluded to at p. 69.4. Mr. Gardner's;
abundant and good: these were in part distributed, in part
sold after his decease, while a part remain in the Peradenia
Herbarium. Gardner has published several papers on Cey-
lon plants in the ' Journal of Botany/ and in the ' Calcutta
Journal of Natural History;' sometimes in conjunction with
Major Champion.
Mr. Thwaites, the present able superintendent of the Pera-
denia Botanic Gardens, has for several years continued ener-
getically the investigation of the flora of the island which was
commenced by Mr. Gardner; bringing his great botanical
acquirements, skill in analysis, and powers of observing and
on artificial, winter is produced by exposing the roots, and bullocks* blood
is used us manure. According to the smuo authority, the grape also bears
well at TangHlle, at tlu> southern extremity of Ceylon, a. locality which must
havt* u vt>*y dilU'ivni climate from ilaifttn.